Blood cancer is none other than the combination of a large group of different malignancies. In this group, cancer occurs in Blood, bone marrow and lymphatic system, which includes lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, tonsils, spleen, and lymphoid tissue of digestive tract. Cancer which starts in the lymphatic system is known as lymphoma, bone marrow cancer is known as Leukemia and myeloma. These are common types of blood cancer. Yet the cause of blood cancer is unknown.
Within the bone marrow, grows leukemia and myeloma. With the bone marrow’s ability, they can interfere to produce normal blood cells. Blood cells include white blood cells, red cells and platelets. The symptoms of frequent infections, anaemia, and easy bruising happen with these. With this cancer, bones become weak as it produces a substance, also produces abnormal proteins. Its symptoms are also seen in other parts of the body. Another common type is Lymphomas. Due to the enlargement of the lymph nodes, this type happens, which decrease the immune system of the body to fight infections.
Causes of leukemia: May be hereditary?
Yet the real and exact cause of leukemia not discovered. It is expected that combination of genetic and environmental factors may involve. The main cause of Leukemia or blood cancer is when the immature blood cells known as white cells of DNA become damaged. By this, there is a continuously growing and division of cells happen to produce many cells. As a result, new cells replace the healthy blood cells and also healthy blood cells die. This process found in Bone marrow. The newly produced cells become more and do not die. Then these accumulate and occupy more space. So cancer cells produced in a more amount and healthy blood cells stopped growing and become functionless.
Common signs and symptoms of leukemia
According to the type of leukemia, signs and symptoms are seen. At the outset, there are no symptoms seen in slow-growing or chronic leukemia. Severe symptoms are seen in aggressive or rapidly growing leukemia. Loss of functions of the normal blood cells or in the body accumulation of abnormal cells is the main symptoms of leukemia.
Following are the common signs of leukemia
- Night Sweats
- Usually painless swollen lymph nodes
- The feeling of tiredness and fatigue
- Recurring nosebleeds, purplish or bluish patches on the skin, bruising or bleeding, red spots appear on the skin.
- Regular infection
- Loss of appetite otherwise known as Weight loss
- Pain in Joint or bone
- Abdominal pain or swelling due to an increase in the spleen or liver
- Symptoms of seizures, headaches, confusion, and loss of muscle control, and vomiting was also seen if leukemia cells have infiltrated the brain.
What is the treatment for leukemia?
For treating leukemia, there are many different medical approaches. Depending upon the type of leukemia, treatment often prescribed. Also, patient’s age and health status are taken into consideration. While treatment, it also examined that whether or not the leukemia cells have spread to the cerebrospinal fluid. Appropriate treatment can be suggested if determined the genetic changes or specific characteristics of the leukemia cells. If spleen increases its size, then by surgical treatment, removal of the spleen is another treatment option.
By regular health checkup on the body’s functioning if above symptoms appear. By regular checkup, the disease can be diagnosed at an early stage and risk factors will be less. Thus effective treatment and better management can be possible.